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PHOTOCHEMISTRY entries in Index to How To Do It Information
Norman Lathrop Enterprises  
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Detailed entries for one subject from the INDEX TO HOW TO DO IT INFORMATION.
Click on a see also (sa) or tracing (xx) to view detailed entries about a related subject.
The entries are in alphabetical order by magazine name and then in chronological sequence.
To obtain a copy of any magazine article contact your local public library or the publisher.

PHOTOCHEMISTRY
sa   PHOTOCHEMISTRY (COLOR)
sa   PHOTOCHEMISTRY DISPOSAL
sa   PHOTOCHEMISTRY FILTER
sa   PHOTOCHEMISTRY MEASURING & MIXING
sa   PHOTOCHEMISTRY STAIN REMOVAL
sa   PHOTOCHEMISTRY STORAGE
sa   PHOTOCHEMISTRY TEMPERATURE CONTROL
sa   PHOTOGRAPHIC FILM DEVELOPER
sa   PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINT DEVELOPER
sa   SILVER RECOVERY
x   DEVELOPER (PHOTOGRAPHIC)
x   FIXER (PHOTOGRAPHIC)
xx   CHEMISTRY
xx   PHOTOGRAPHIC FILM PROCESSING
xx   PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINT PROCESSING

Understanding the fixing process for film and paper. Includes four formulas for mixing your own fixer.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Dec 1991 (v.13#12) pg. 62

Tip on testing when film fixer is exhausted.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Jan 1993 (v.15#1) pg. 5

A grab bag of darkroom tips and formulas. (1) Preshrinking paper for P.O.P. (printing-out paper). (2) Sizing photo papers. (3) Warm-tone P.O.P. (4) Hypo clearing agent. (5) Using "Liquid Light" emulsion. (6) Kodak acid hardener F-1a. (7) D-25 and D-25R film developer. (8) D-25 replenisher for D-25 and D-23.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Nov 1993 (v.15#11) pg. 62

The purpose and advantage of using Rodinal developer in combination with sodium sulfite are discussed at length.
CAMERA 35 Nov 1973 (v.17#8) pg. 12, 4

David Vestal's Book of Craft. Chapter 15. Better printing through chemistry. Choosing and using special chemicals to fine tune your prints.
CAMERA 35 Dec 1973 (v.17#9) pg. 48

David Vestal's Book of Craft. Chapter 16. Mix your own photo chemicals. Formulas for print developers (D-72, GAF 120 and Dr. Pratt's variable-contrast), Fixers (plain and Kodak F-6), Hypo test HT-2, Hypo eliminator HE-1, Gold protective solution GP-1.
CAMERA 35 Jan 1974 (v.17#10) pg. 61

User test of Beseler Ultra Fin FD1, FD2, and FD3 black & white film developers.
CAMERA 35 Aug-Sep 1975 (v.19#6) pg. 52

Make your own black and white developers using measuring spoon techniques, with this kit of chemicals and instructions from Zone V, Inc. Est. cost: $28.
CAMERA 35 Oct 1976 (v.20#7) pg. 64

Rodinal is back. Agfa-Gevaert brings back this single-shot liquid developer. Tips on its use.
CAMERA 35 Jan 1980 (v.25#1) pg. 46

A look at Ilford's ID-11 Plus developer for film and tips on its use.
CAMERA 35 Aug 1980 (v.25#8) pg. 52

Fine tuning the print. How to produce a high-quality B&W photographic print. Includes the formula for Beers Solution paper developer.
CAMERA 35 Mar 1981 (v.26#3) pg. 55

Edwal FG Powder film developer and Edwal Ultra-Black paper developer. Mixing instructions and tips on their use.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1984 (v.5#1) pg. 38

Photochemical compendium. Part 5.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1984 (v.5#1) pg. 41

Photochemical compendium. Part 6. Beginning a look at the history of developing agents from their inception up to the present.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1984 (v.5#2) pg. 44

Photochemical compendium. Part 7. History and application of Phenidone.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1984 (v.5#3) pg. 32

Black-and white paper developers. How do developers affect paper characteristics? Thirteen different developers are tested on Kodak Polyfiber paper and Ilford Galerie paper.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1985 (v.6#1) pg. 18

Two print developers for subtle contrast control. Combine Dektol with either Selectol Soft or Edwal G to get various degrees of contrast above or below what can be obtained using Dektol alone.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1985 (v.6#2) pg. 14

Agfa 100 print developer variation for Portriga Rapid paper.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1985 (v.6#2) pg. 18

Disassembling D-76 fine grain developer for black-and-white film. An in depth look at the chemistry of D-76 and ID-11 developers.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1985 (v.6#5) pg. 47

Formula for FX-5b, a fine-grain black-and-white film developer.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1986 (v.7#1) pg. 56

Formulas for "warm tone" paper developers suitable for use when restoring and reprinting old photographs.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1986 (v.7#2) pg. 14

Fixing agents ammonium thiosulfate and sodium thiosulfate are compared.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1986 (v.7#2) pg. 16

Information on the developing agent pyrogallic acid.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1986 (v.7#3) pg. 14

Tips on storing, mixing and using D-76 b&w film developer.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1986 (v.7#3) pg. 16
Added Info DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1986 (v.7#4) pg. 4

Testing "amidol", the b&w print developer of choice for such great printers as Edward Weston, Brett Weston, Wynn Bullock, etc. Includes several formulas for popular developers using amidol.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1986 (v.7#3) pg. 40
Correction DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1986 (v.7#5) pg. 4
Added Info DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1986 (v.7#6) pg. 6

Tips on when you can substitute sodium salts for potassium salts and vice versa.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1986 (v.7#4) pg. 15

Tips on quality of photo chemicals purchased from supply houses.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1986 (v.7#4) pg. 16

Differences between a true compensating divided developer (such as Diafine) and a regular divided developer (such as divided D-76) for b&w film.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1986 (v.7#5) pg. 12

Several "superadditive" developer formulas for b&w film.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1986 (v.7#6) pg. 12

Tips on using dilute glacial acetic acid and sodium (or potassium) hydroxide to adjust the pH of bleach/fix and other photographic processing solutions.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1986 (v.7#6) pg. 14

Tips on regenerating ferricyanide bleach with hydrogen peroxide.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1987 (v.8#2) pg. 14

Chemical differences between regular fixer and rapid fixer are described.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1987 (v.8#2) pg. 14

Working with Ilford Universal chemistry for black-and-white films and papers.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1987 (v.8#2) pg. 27

Table of general concentration estimates for the more common antifoggants in b&w developers.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1987 (v.8#3) pg. 14

Chemistry of high-definition developers and the use of potassium iodide as a restrainer.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1987 (v.8#3) pg. 15

Clarification of the role of sodium sulfite in photographic chemicals.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1987 (v.8#3) pg. 17

Tips on replacing metol with Phenidone in b&w film developers.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1987 (v.8#4) pg. 7

Tip on using solid ferric ammonium EDTA in place of the solution form.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1987 (v.8#4) pg. 8

Formula for Kodak Hypo Eliminator HE-1.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1987 (v.8#4) pg. 12

Shelflife of potassium metabisulfite solution noted.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1987 (v.8#5) pg. 22

Formula of Bleach Part A for the Kodak sepia toner.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1987 (v.8#6) pg. 15

Iodine/thiourea reducing (spotting) formula for prints.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1987 (v.8#6) pg. 15

Chemistry of Kodak HC-110's developer (which uses organic buffering/solvent compounds) is explained.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1988 (v.9#1) pg. 14

Note on the use of sulfite in photo chemicals and its impact on sharpness.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1988 (v.9#1) pg. 15

Reversal processing the T-Max films. Includes the formulas for first developer, bleach, and clearing bath.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1988 (v.9#2) pg. 26
Added Info DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1988 (v.9#5) pg. 8
Added Info DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1989 (v.10#2) pg. 2

Effect of chemical substitutions in old-time photographic formulas (such as Kodak Etch-Bleach EB-3, T-12 Iron Blue Toner, etc.).
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1988 (v.9#3) pg. 11

Impact of adding a wetting agent (such as Kodak's Photo-Flo) to film developer is discussed.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1988 (v.9#4) pg. 8

Reasons for lower amount of sodium sulfite in modern film developers viewed.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1988 (v.9#5) pg. 7

Tip on using silver-estimating test papers with fixing baths.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1988 (v.9#5) pg. 8

Tips on preparing a 60-percent solution of ammonium thiosulfate.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1988 (v.9#6) pg. 12

Use of sulfites (bisulfites, metabisulfites, ...) in photo chemicals is clarified.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1988 (v.9#6) pg. 13

Divided D-76 developer. This two-bath developer is an option for processing T-Max film.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1988 (v.9#6) pg. 29
Added Info DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1989 (v.10#3) pg. 2
Added Info DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1990 (v.11#6) pg. 17

The shelflife of unused and partially used fixer explained.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1989 (v.10#1) pg. 7

Five B&W film developers (Acufine, Diafine, UFG, TEC, Ethol Blue) from Brandess/Kalt are tested.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1989 (v.10#2) pg. 44
Added Info DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1989 (v.10#5) pg. 2

Tip: A 2% solution of sodium sulfite can be used as a print washing aid to remove thiosulfate (fixer).
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1989 (v.10#3) pg. 8

Choosing and using three common borate compounds as developer buffering agents.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1989 (v.10#4) pg. 8

The causes of sulfur precipitation in fixers and tips for its prevention.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1989 (v.10#4) pg. 15

The use of pH buffers in photochemistry explained.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1989 (v.10#6) pg. 6

Print capacity of fresh fixer is suggested.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1990 (v.11#1) pg. 8

Method for making Phenidone concentrates that should reduce the time required for mixing working strength Phenidone developers.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1990 (v.11#2) pg. 8

Purpose of solutions A and B found in Kodak's Rapid Fixer system.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1990 (v.11#2) pg. 8

Safety tips for working with photographic chemicals. Looks at eye protection and ventilation.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1990 (v.11#2) pg. 13

Exact chemical formulas for the sulfites used in photochemistry and all the equivalent names are listed.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1990 (v.11#4) pg. 12

Formula for a hardening fixer which incorporates two precipitate-inhibiting principles.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1990 (v.11#4) pg. 59

A brief overview of the differences between the various fixers.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1991 (v.12#2) pg. 13

How to reverse-process Kodalith and other black-and-white films. Includes formulas for several bleaches.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1992 (v.13#1) pg. 11

Print flattener solutions and their use.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1993 (v.14#1) pg. 13

Three formulas for an odorless stop bath.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1993 (v.14#2) pg. 16

The TF-4 Archival Rapid Fix fixer from Photographer's Formulary company. An evaluation test of an alternative alkaline fixer.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1993 (v.14#2) pg. 42

Advice and warnings on substituting one photographic process' chemistry for another.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1993 (v.14#6) pg. 6

Basic bleach formula for black-and-white reversal print (or film) processing.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1994 (v.15#5) pg. 5

Bibliography of good reference books on photochemistry.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1994 (v.15#5) pg. 7

Formula for Kodalk (Kodak Balanced Alkali).
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1994 (v.15#6) pg. 17

Advice on the useful life of photographic fixer.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1995 (v.16#1) pg. 11

That last cup of coffee. Identifying and using non-traditional photographic developers, such as coffee.
DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1995 (v.16#5) pg. 35
Correction DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1995 (v.16#6) pg. 4

No-cost fixer test. Use film scraps you cut off of bulk loads or from the ends of reels (before developing) to test your fixer.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1979 (v.1#4) pg. 12

A guide to "fine-tuned" print development. Two-baths and precision developers can help you gain fine-tuned control over contrast and give you prints with a rich tonal range. Includes formula for the Beers precision developer.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1979 (v.1#6) pg. 32

Tip: Straight Dektol is a good developer for Kodalith film.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1979 (v.1#7) pg. 12

Darkroom basics. Selecting the right film developer. A comparison of the various types available.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1979 (v.1#7) pg. 20

How to do precise developer replenishment by monitoring the strength of your developer solution using Kodak 10-step control strips. Technique is best applied to large batch (tank) processing lines.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1980 (v.2#5) pg. 66

A step-by-step look at the chemicals used in processing a print.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1980 (v.2#6) pg. 52

Tip: Formula for converting Kodak D-19 film developer into a paper developer.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1980 (v.2#7) pg. 12

Picking a black & white film developer: a buying guide.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1980 (v.2#8) pg. 26

The ins and out of b&w print processing chemicals. Key facts about developers, stop baths, and fixers.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan-Feb 1981 (v.3#1) pg. 52

Test of Kodak's Technical Pan Film 2415. Formerly known as SO-115, it now replaces the High Contrast Copy Film 5069. Includes formula for POTA, a low contrast developer for making continuous tone negatives with 2415.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan-Feb 1981 (v.3#1) pg. 62

Formula for making your own Kodak D-23 film developer, a classic developer that will produce adequate shadow detail without producing too much density in the lighter subject areas.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1981 (v.3#5) pg. 68

Formula for hypo-test solution.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1982 (v.4#3) pg. 12

Darkroom safety tips. Eye protection, breathing masks and rubber gloves all have a definite place when handling photo chemicals.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1982 (v.4#7) pg. 56

Formula for Victor's Mercury Intensifier to treat thin, underexposed negatives.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1982 (v.4#8) pg. 6

Rx for portfolios. How Steve Simmons produces matched sets of b&w prints for exhibition and sale. Includes Ansco 130 print developer formulas and a record-keeping system that allows repeatable results.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1983 (v.5#1) pg. 42

Using Kodak Technical Pan 2415 film. Includes formula for POTA developer and hints on development with POTA or Technidol LC developer.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1983 (v.5#1) pg. 52
Added Info DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY May-Jun 1983 (v.5#4) pg. 9

Paper developer primer. Knowing what is in paper developer and how it works will assist you in selecting the right developers for your needs.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul-Aug 1983 (v.5#5) pg. 48

How to make your own b&w photo chemicals from basic chemicals. Includes recipes for several favorite "brews".
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Sep-Oct 1983 (v.5#6) pg. 18

Printing with Dr. Beers two-part print developer. How to fine-tune your fine prints by using this versatile, variable-contrast print developer.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1984 (v.6#5) pg. 26

Tip on alternatives to acetic acid stop bath solutions.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1986 (v.8#2) pg. 16
Added Info DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan-Feb 1987 (v.9#1) pg. 6

Soups for discriminating tastes. Selecting a B&W film developer.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY May-Jun 1986 (v.8#3) pg. 25

Tip: How to measure and store sodium sulfite for use with Edwal FG7 developer.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul-Aug 1986 (v.8#4) pg. 9

Tip: Grocery store is a good source for less-expensive "generic" photo chemicals (boric acid, magnesium sulfate, potassium nitrate, borax, sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, etc.)
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan-Feb 1987 (v.9#1) pg. 12

Suggested developers for Kodak T-Max b&w film are noted.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul-Aug 1987 (v.9#4) pg. 12

How to use exposed, but undeveloped, film to check the condition of your fixer.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1987 (v.9#6) pg. 6

Formula for sepia toning solution.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan-Feb 1988 (v.10#1) pg. 10

Tip on rejuvenating fixer that is nearing exhaustion.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1989 (v.11#3) pg. 4

Formula for a paper developer that uses pyrogallol.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1989 (v.11#10) pg. 8

Tips for reducing respiratory problems associated with photographic fixer (hypo) or stop bath.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1990 (v.12#1) pg. 6

Better b&w photographs. How to use a new film developer, Perfection XR-1 Extended Range Film Developer, to increase speed and decrease grain.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Jun 1981 (v.2#2) pg. 14

Quality control in your b&w darkroom. Part 3. How to test chemicals for quality control.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Jun 1981 (v.2#2) pg. 46

Quality control in your b&w darkroom. Part 4. Methods for checking fixers.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Sep 1981 (v.2#3) pg. 40

Pyro adds zip to b&w print developers. Old favorite developers which use pyrogallic acid still have applications today.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Mar 1982 (v.3#1) pg. 28

An inside view of replenishment of film and paper developers. Learn what really goes on inside a developer and when and how to replenish those developers.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Mar 1982 (v.3#1) pg. 45

Basic photochemistry. Part 1. Why it works. Important general properties.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Jun 1982 (v.3#2) pg. 28

Photochemistry. Part 2. Developers for b&w film and paper.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Sep 1982 (v.3#3) pg. 22

Technidol, a fine grain developer for Kodak Technical Pan 2415 film, is compared with Edwal FG7 and Perfection XR1.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Dec 1982 (v.3#4) pg. 45

Photochemistry. Part 3. Simple facts explain the subject of pH, a way of describing the acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Dec 1982 (v.3#4) pg. 57

How to make and use Ansco 130 developer, a slow-working formula for paper that produces beautiful separation throughout the tonal scale of the print.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Dec 1982 (v.3#4) pg. 64

Photochemistry IV. Fixers and stop baths.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1983 (v.4#1) pg. 18

All about using Rodinal film developer.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1983 (v.4#1) pg. 50

Darkroom secrets of professional photographer Denis Scott. Includes recipes for Farmer's Reducer and Iodine Bleach.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1983 (v.4#3) pg. 33

Photochemical compendium. Part 1. A new series by a photochemist includes chemical formulas, molecular weights, properties, toxicities and photographic uses.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1983 (v.4#3) pg. 42

Photochemical compendium. Part 2.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1983 (v.4#4) pg. 24

Photochemical compendium. Part 3.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1983 (v.4#5) pg. 38

Photochemical compendium. Part 4.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1983 (v.4#6) pg. 31

Make a useful proportional negative reducer by adding lemon juice to rapid fixer.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1973 (v.22#9) pg. 14

The art of bleaching. How to mix up a solution of potassium ferricyanide and use it to lighten black & white print areas.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1978 (v.27#6) pg. 8

Tip: A warm or neutral tone print developer can produce a cold tone print by adding bicarbonate of soda.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1979 (v.28#10) pg. 12

Tips on using a solution of sodium bicarbonate as an additive to deepen the density of blacks in your prints.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1982 (v.31#11) pg. 14

Tips from a professional laboratory on controlling your chemistry to prevent processing problems.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1984 (v.33#3) pg. 18

A 1966 film developer roundup with chart showing exposure meter film speed settings for each film and developer combination.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1966 (v.30#3) pg. 62

Superspeed developers, are they worth using? A series of test exposures and prints show results.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1968 (v.32#6) pg. 74

A discussion of why some film developers are sharper than others, plus formula for an additive to improve sharpness of most developers.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1968 (v.32#10) pg. 28

Making and using Edward Weston's film negative developer, "ABC Pyro".
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1969 (v.33#9) pg. 80

Examples of photo prints possible using old print making formulas and techniques.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY May 1971 (v.35#5) pg. 78

Comments on the print results using a mix-it-yourself developer formula (GAF 120) and a prepared developer (Dektol).
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1972 (v.36#8) pg. 67

Two formulas for paper developers. (1) Agfa 115 paper developer produces warm brown tones on warm paper. (2) Amidol paper developer is the coldest of the cold tone paper formulas for use on papers that are inherently cold toned.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1973 (v.37#2) pg. 46

Tips on saving money by purchasing photo chemicals in larger quantities, then dividing the powder into smaller quantities prior to mixing.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1978 (v.42#10) pg. 111

Tips on preventing the skin rash known as contact dermatitis which can be brought on by contact with photographic chemicals.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1979 (v.43#8) pg. 50

Avoid flat prints from underexposed negatives by switching to high-contrast Kodalith developer.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1985 (v.49#11) pg. 67

Amidol water bath. A reduction developer for both film and paper.
PHOTO ELECTRONIC IMAGING 1994 (v.37#9) pg. 30

Formula for a stop bath indicator solution.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1996 (v.17#1) pg. 12

Logic behind paper fixer being half the strength of film fixer is explained, and then refuted.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1996 (v.17#1) pg. 13

Solubilizing amidol. Advice on extending the life of amidol (2,4-diaminophenol hydrochloride) to prevent oxidation.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1996 (v.17#3) pg. 8
Added Info PHOTO TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1996 (v.17#4) pg. 51

Sodium sulfite. An overview of the use of sulfites in photochemistry and allowable substitution schemes.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1996 (v.17#4) pg. 7

Making and using the Kodak HT-2 residual hypo test solution.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1996 (v.17#4) pg. 45

Formula for Kodak F-24 fixer which does not give off ammonia fumes.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1997 (v.18#3) pg. 12

Comments on using the methylene blue and other tests for residual thiosulfate in processed films and papers.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1997 (v.18#4) pg. 15

The proper use of stop bath indicators.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1998 (v.19#3) pg. 18

Formula for an Atomal-containing developer.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1998 (v.19#3) pg. 20

Suggestions for the use of benzotriazole anti-foggant.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1998 (v.19#6) pg. 19

Tips on avoiding the yellowish stain which can sometimes appear on prints when using Farmer's Reducer.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1999 (v.20#2) pg. 46

Pyro development for dual-purpose negatives. Covers both rotary and tray processing techniques, film recommendations, and printing. A related article gives four developer formulas.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1999 (v.20#6) pg. 44, 51

An evaluation of a new black-and-white film developer called Perfection Micrograin Developer. How to use it and how to select a companion film.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jan 1978 (v.6#9) pg. 90

Formula for D-23 developer and a deviate D-23 formula, the latter of which uses sodium sulfate which makes the developer useful over a wider temperature range and capable of yielding fine grain and maximum film speed.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Apr 1978 (v.6#12) pg. 112

Formula for Kodak D-82 developer, a film developer intended for use with badly underexposed films.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Nov 1978 (v.7#7) pg. 124

Tips on eliminating hard-water problems in photographic processing.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Apr 1979 (v.7#12) pg. 9

Formula for a developer which will produce continuous tone negatives of incredible resolution on Kodak High Contrast copy film.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Aug 1979 (v.8#4) pg. 6

Extending the limits of technique. Oliver Gagliani talks about his unique approach to producing his bold, contrasty black-and-white prints. Includes exposure and printmaking ideas. Includes formulas for a modified D-7 film developer.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Nov 1979 (v.8#7) pg. 72

Using Edwal FG-7 b&w film developer may provide greater versatility and latitude. Some tips.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1980 (v.9#1) pg. 14
Correction PHOTOGRAPHIC Aug 1980 (v.9#4) pg. 4

Performance tests of four new Paterson black-and-white processing chemicals for film and paper.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jul 1980 (v.9#3) pg. 27

How to test fixer for exhaustion, make your own rapid fixer, plus two formulas for monobaths (developer and fixer in one).
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1980 (v.9#5) pg. 6

Using a new speed-increasing b&w film developer called "Perfection Super-Speed Extended-Range Film Developer".
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1980 (v.9#5) pg. 28

Using two new Ilford products: (1) 72 exposure 35mm roll film and (2) Ilfosol 2 film developer.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1980 (v.9#5) pg. 74

Formula for the Beers Two-Solution print developer.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Dec 1980 (v.9#8) pg. 57

Formula for a hypo eliminator.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Dec 1980 (v.9#8) pg. 107
Correction PHOTOGRAPHIC Mar 1981 (v.9#11) pg. 4

Formula for a film prebath which will increase the speed of your black-and-white film by one full f-stop.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Feb 1981 (v.9#10) pg. 6
Added Info PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1981 (v.10#1) pg. 4
Added Info PHOTOGRAPHIC Jun 1981 (v.10#2) pg. 4

Compensating film developers. How they work and how to mix your own.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Aug 1981 (v.10#4) pg. 46

Formula for a two-part (divided) film developer for b&w film which does not require critical time and temperature development.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1981 (v.10#5) pg. 6

Formula for the deFARBERler 2-part black-and-white film developer which is usable with almost any film and is not dependent upon time and temperature processing.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1983 (v.12#5) pg. 30
Added Info PHOTOGRAPHIC Feb 1984 (v.12#10) pg. 16

D-23: Divided film development. Includes formulas for D-23 and the B bath.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Mar 1984 (v.12#11) pg. 8

Film developer formula for Kodak Panatomic-X and Ilford Pan F which allows you to produce 16"x20" (or larger) prints from 35mm negatives.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Apr 1984 (v.12#12) pg. 88
Correction PHOTOGRAPHIC Jul 1984 (v.13#3) pg. 84

How to mix and use the 2-part Beers Formula variable contrast paper developer.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1984 (v.13#1) pg. 88

Formula for pyro triethanolamine, a developer primarily intended for the production of large negatives.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jul 1984 (v.13#3) pg. 84

More do-it-yourself chemistry. Includes the formula for Kodak D-23 film developer, plus information on chemical weighing, mixing, and terminology.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Aug 1984 (v.13#4) pg. 80

Develop with style. Make b&w prints like nobody else's with sensational homemade film developers. Includes formulas for D-76, Beutler formula, and Windisch developer. How to fine-tune a film and developer combination.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1984 (v.13#5) pg. 44

Formula for Edwal's "Thermofine" film developer.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1984 (v.13#5) pg. 92

Substitute formulas for Microdol-X and Acufine film developers. Measurements are given in teaspoons and tablespoons instead of weight.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Oct 1984 (v.13#6) pg. 92

Tips on where to find old photographic chemical formulas and how to translate some of the chemical names into their current or generic equivalent.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Dec 1984 (v.13#8) pg. 96

Formula for a circa 1942 film developer "guaranteed to do everything you ever wanted in a film developer".
PHOTOGRAPHIC Dec 1984 (v.13#8) pg. 96

Leica two-bath film developer formula.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jan 1985 (v.13#9) pg. 76
Added Info PHOTOGRAPHIC Mar 1985 (v.13#11) pg. 80 (Formula modifications).

Paper developing formula used by Bernhard J. Suess. Originally appeared in an old issue of the "Dignan Newsletter".
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jan 1985 (v.13#9) pg. 76

Ansco 17 formula for developing Kodak Plus-X black-and-white film.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Feb 1985 (v.13#10) pg. 48

Formula for a substitute Microdol-X film developer.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1988 (v.17#5) pg. 82

Formula for Kodak D-23 black-and-white film developer.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jun 1989 (v.18#2) pg. 79

Tips on selecting and using an organic vapor mask to prevent allergic reactions to photographic chemicals.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Aug 1994 (v.23#4) pg. 10

Tip on avoiding photochemical allergies by not using acetic acid.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Dec 1994 (v.23#8) pg. 4

Clean darkrooms. Use lots of water to wash thermometers, graduates, trays, etc. Tips on avoiding contamination of chemicals.
PHOTOMETHODS Jun 1976 (v.19#6) pg. 38

Some health considerations which should be understood when using photographic chemicals.
PHOTOMETHODS Feb 1977 (v.20#2) pg. 51

Holographic film developer formula is based on the process of intra-emulsion diffusion-transfer which conserves the silver content in order to realize gains in diffraction efficiency and reductions of intermodulation noise.
PHOTOMETHODS Feb 1979 (v.22#2) pg. 32

How to mix and use Delagi No. 8 developer for Kodak Technical Pan b&w film, with exposures at ASA 32-64.
PHOTOMETHODS Apr 1981 (v.24#4) pg. 9

Chromogenic development of litho film. Part 1. How to mix and use chemicals to add color to litho film by means of color couplers.
PHOTOMETHODS May 1981 (v.24#5) pg. 16

Chromogenic development of litho film. Part 2.
PHOTOMETHODS Jun 1981 (v.24#6) pg. 25

Chromogenic development of litho film. Part 3.
PHOTOMETHODS Sep 1981 (v.24#9) pg. 12

Compensating developer formulas for use with Tri-X film exposed at night.
PHOTOMETHODS Aug 1985 (v.28#8) pg. 6

In search of the standard black-and-white film developer. Four suggested Super-76 developer formulas are modifications of Kodak D-76d, Kodak D-76b, Ilford ID-68, and Ilford PFG.
PHOTOMETHODS Aug 1988 (v.31#8) pg. 30
Added Info PHOTOMETHODS Feb 1989 (v.32#2) pg. 14

Tip: Use a chart to plot the number of prints you have processed through various photo chemicals. Then, when you reach the end of the chart, you know to replace the chemicals.
POPULAR MECHANICS Feb 1980 (v.153#2) pg. 68

The use of stop-bath in film developing. Pros and cons.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1966 (v.58#3) pg. 84

Using rubber gloves when allergic to photo chemicals and other tips.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1966 (v.58#4) pg. 90

How film developers are affected by time, water, light, and other elements plus a second article evaluating popular developers.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY May 1966 (v.58#5) pg. 66

How to coat your own emulsion to make prints on paper, wood, glass, cloth, metal and ceramics.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1971 (v.69#6) pg. 104

Tips on using Aeroprint black and white and color spray chemicals.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1972 (v.70#1) pg. 30

Formulas for developers and fixers which you can tailor to your taste or needs.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1972 (v.70#2) pg. 88

Tips on using Aeroprint Spray can processing chemicals.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1972 (v.71#5) pg. 56

Tips on using Phenidone to darken print areas during development.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1973 (v.72#3) pg. 16

How intensifiers and reducers can save bad negatives. A review of commercial chemicals and how to use them.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1973 (v.73#1) pg. 76

Packaged darkroom chemicals. Advice from an expert on selection and use.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1973 (v.73#4) pg. 98

Acufine revisited. Using Acufine to process Tri-X film exposed at E.I. 1200.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1974 (v.75#6) pg. 42

Try these easy tests to be sure that your black & white prints are really permanent. Hypo tests and print tests using prepared test chemicals.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1975 (v.76#2) pg. 48

Tips on protecting your hands from photo chemicals.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1976 (v.79#1) pg. 64

The advantage of diluting D-76 film developer with water.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1977 (v.81#2) pg. 36

Diluting film developers can often inprove the quality of black and white negatives. Some tips.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1977 (v.81#5) pg. 92

Tips on replenishing Acufine film developer.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1979 (v.84#1) pg. 76

New Bill Pierce formula for developing Tri-X is made by adding sodium sulfite to Edwal FG7 developer. This is a diluted developer that is used once and then thrown away.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1979 (v.85#4) pg. 87

Rodinal. This 90-year-old film developer is still a favorite today. It produces brilliance, graduation and sharpness.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1979 (v.85#6) pg. 108

Ilford's new ID-11 black-and-white film developer, an enhanced version of D-76, produces greater sharpness and tighter grain.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1980 (v.86#1) pg. 92

D-23 revisited. A low-cost, two-ingredient, B&W film developer that's simple to mix and easy to live with.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY May 1980 (v.86#5) pg. 88

Get view-camera quality negatives on 35mm Technical Pan film 2415 with a custom developer formulated by Dick Delagi. How to mix and use this developer.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1981 (v.88#2) pg. 95

Nine black-and-white paper developers compared. How developers and development can change print constrast more than one grade up or down.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1981 (v.88#3) pg. 73

Mix your own darkroom chemicals. How to fine-tune formulas for personalized processing.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1981 (v.88#9) pg. 97

Tips on protecting children from dangerous photographic chemicals.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1983 (v.90#3) pg. 98

Tip: Ordinary supermarket products have photographic uses.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1983 (v.90#12) pg. 118

Tips on sources of health information about handling the chemicals used in photography.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1984 (v.91#8) pg. 18

Tips on using a "print brightener" chemical to increase black-and-white print permanence by acting as a shield against ultraviolet radiation.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1985 (v.92#2) pg. 44

A fresh look at D-23. Try this black-and-white developer for taming high-contrast photo situations while maintaining your film's speed.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1985 (v.92#11) pg. 8

Ilford's new liquid b&w film and paper chemicals. What is available and tips on their use.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1986 (v.93#6) pg. 67

Seasoning print developer to taste. How to customize off-the-shelf b&w print developers (such as Kodak Dektol) by adding supplementary chemicals. Do this to influence both the image tone and contrast of the resulting print.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1988 (v.95#4) pg. 38

Pollution Solution. Disposing of common darkroom chemicals in an environmentally safe manner.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1989 (v.96#10) pg. 52

Home brews. Mixing your chemicals from scratch. A general discussion. No formulas included.
SHUTTERBUG #349 Oct 1999 (v.28#12) pg. 24

Kitchen chemistry in the darkroom. Using common household materials as photo chemicals.
SHUTTERBUG #396 Sep 2003 (v.32#11) pg. 42