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Detailed entries for one subject from the INDEX TO HOW TO DO IT INFORMATION.
Click on a see also (sa) or tracing (xx) to view detailed entries about a related subject.
The entries are in alphabetical order by magazine name and then in chronological sequence.
To obtain a copy of any magazine article contact your local public library or the publisher.


Photography in astronomy. Using SO-115 film. A new fine-grain black-and-white film from Kodak.
ASTRONOMY Apr 1980 (v.8#4) pg. 54

Choosing the right film for your picture taking needs. Some tips.
BOYS' LIFE Jun 1988 (v.78#6) pg. 57

Technique for photographing high-contrast subject matter using T-Max 400 (at a lower EI) and then processing in a highly dilute, compensating developer (Rodinal) in order to tame the film's contrast.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Jan 1991 (v.13#1) pg. 8

Contrast matching. (1) Selection of film for a particular application can be aided by examination of the H and D curves. (2) Varying characteristics of negative film by changing developer type, time, temperature, etc. (3) N-1 development technique.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Aug 1991 (v.13#8) pg. 53
Correction CAMERA & DARKROOM Oct 1991 (v.13#10) pg. 4
Added Info CAMERA & DARKROOM Jan 1992 (v.14#1) pg. 8
Added Info CAMERA & DARKROOM Apr 1992 (v.14#4) pg. 8

Tip on cutting numerical identifiers into the edge of sheet film.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Oct 1993 (v.15#10) pg. 4

Taming Kodak Technical Pan film. Applications and processing information.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Jun 1994 (v.16#6) pg. 56

Self-adhesive colored labels, with numbers written on them, are the primary element in a simple record keeping system which lets you know what film is in your camera bag and camera and what pictures are on which roll prior to processing. Labels also tell when fresh batteries were installed in camera and flash.
CAMERA 35 May 1975 (v.19#3) pg. 16

User test of H & W VTE Pan and VTE Ultra films in conjunction with their 4.5 developer.
CAMERA 35 Jun 1975 (v.19#4) pg. 52

How to flash both black and white and color film to increase the speed and decrease the contrast. Flashing can be accomplished with a 35mm camera using the same technique as double exposing a whole roll.
CAMERA 35 Jan 1977 (v.20#10) pg. 17

Kodak recording film 2475. Tips on exposing and processing this film which has an exposure index of 1000-4000.
CAMERA 35 Apr 1978 (v.22#3) pg. 25

Agfapan 100 and 400 professional film are reviewed.
CAMERA 35 Jan 1980 (v.25#1) pg. 44

Getting more for your film dollar. Part 1. Plan and execute your photos more carefully to avoid wasting film and paper, thus reducing your consumption of more costly silver.
CAMERA 35 Apr 1980 (v.25#4) pg. 14

Getting more for your film dollar. Part 2.
CAMERA 35 May 1980 (v.25#5) pg. 14

A look at Ilford's new 72-exposure loads for 35mm cameras, plus the HP5 film in 120 rolls.
CAMERA 35 Aug 1980 (v.25#8) pg. 52

Profile of Ilford's new XP-1 chromogenic black & white film (ASA 400) which is virtually grainless.
CAMERA 35 Oct 1980 (v.25#10) pg. 64

Profile of Kodak's new Technical Pan 2415 film which features a thin-base emulsion, extended red sensitivity, and fine grain.
CAMERA 35 Nov 1980 (v.25#11) pg. 44

A comparison of two chromogenic b&w films. Agfa Vario XL vs. Ilford XP-1.
CAMERA 35 Apr 1981 (v.26#4) pg. 56

How do those new chromogenic films really work? A look at Agfapan Vario-XL and Ilford XP1.
CAMERA 35 Jul 1981 (v.26#7) pg. 68

Medium-format SLRs. A shopping guide to available cameras and films in the 120/220 size.

Easy contrast control that is applicable to color or black-and-white photography. Pre-exposure technique will reduce the shadow density allowing the recording of greater detail while exhibiting little or no effect in the bright highlights.

ANSI development procedures. ISO derivation and its meaning. A look at todays method for determining film speed.

Testing Adox 35mm and 120 black-and-white films.

Determining black-and-white film speeds using published data and then verified using graphical techniques.

Getting Kodak Technical Pan Film under spectral control. Understanding the differences in color sensitivity of Tech Pan film.

Kodak T-Max films. Higher speed and better resolution. Tests of sensitivity, development characteristics, and reciprocity departures.

Working with Kodak T-Max b&w films.

Reasons why some films produce positive images without using a reversal process are explained.

Mastering the T-Max films. T-Max 400 is compared with Tri-X. T-Max 100 is compared with Plus-X. How to make the correct exposure and do correct processing (using T-Max developer).

Photographer's guide to most films, papers and display materials available in the USA.

Arrhenius equation used in theoretical aging tests of photographic film and papers is explained.

The impact of film choice, developer choice, and processing method on grain size is discussed.

Photographer's guide to wet-process film and paper. Both color and B&W are included.
Correction DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Jul-Aug 1990 (v.11#4) pg. 3

Understanding resolution. Test procedures help determine the maximum photographic resolution that can be obtained. Part 1. Lens, film, and paper.

Ilford XP2 film experiments. Includes evaluation, processing, direct reversal, reduction, intensification, masking, etc.
Added Info PHOTO TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1996 (v.17#3) pg. 21
Added Info DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1992 (v.13#3) pg. 3

Advice on what is involved in testing lenses and film for resolution, contrast, color, edge-to-edge recording, sagittal and tangential capabilities, metering accuracy, and film speed.

Tips on film, chemistry and processing to achieve maximum grain in black-and-white negatives while still maintaining some midrange tonality.

Ralph Steiner (1899-1986) on latensification (increasing a film's dark-tone sensitivity by re-exposing the camera-exposed film before development).

Photographer's guide to wet-process films, papers, and display materials.

Film formats. Using logic in selecting a new format and getting the most out of an existing one. Part 1. Cropping, 35mm format, and medium formats.

Film formats. Part 2. Film formats for panoramic, large format and subminiature.

Tips on using 35mm Kodak Technical Pan film to achieve results similar to using 4x5 black-and-white film.

Photographer's guide to pictorial slide and negative films (both color and b&w).

Common questions about black-and-white. Countering some myths and misconceptions about negative making and print making.
Added Info DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1995 (v.16#5) pg. 14

An analysis of the new ISO standard for determining speed for black-and-white film.

A comparison of the two types of 120-size Tri-X films available from Kodak.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY May-Jun 1979 (v.1#2) pg. 69

Kodak Super-XX, a large format film you can learn to love.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1979 (v.1#7) pg. 64

Increase film speed by increasing its sensitivity rather than using prolonged development. Two primary methods described. Film speed can be increased by 1 or 2 stops.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan-Feb 1980 (v.2#1) pg. 66

Use slow-speed films (thin emulsion films) like Kodak Panatomic-X, Ilford Pan-F, Adox and others if you want less grain and greater sharpness in your prints. Includes tips on developing.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1980 (v.2#2) pg. 64

How to be a copy cat. Part 2. What is available in Kodak black & white copy films.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1980 (v.2#8) pg. 54

Use Kodalith high-contrast graphic arts film in your view camera to produce unusual photographs.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1980 (v.2#8) pg. 61

Test of Kodak's Technical Pan Film 2415. Formerly known as SO-115, it now replaces the High Contrast Copy Film 5069. Includes formula for POTA, a low contrast developer for making continuous tone negatives with 2415.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan-Feb 1981 (v.3#1) pg. 62

How to use Kodak Rapid Process Copy Film. Develops directly to a positive in ordinary b&w chemistry. Use it to make b&w slides from prints by rephotographing the print.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1981 (v.3#2) pg. 68

Tip: Make 2.25"x3.25" sheet film from rolls of 120 film.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY May-Jun 1981 (v.3#3) pg. 8

Testing and processing the new chromogenic films from Agfa and Ilford.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1981 (v.3#5) pg. 79

A black-and-white film primer. How to understand the characteristics (speed, contrast, grain,...) of the various films available.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul-Aug 1982 (v.4#5) pg. 68

The 120 chromogenics arrive. Tests of Agfa Vario-XL and Ilford XP-1 films in the medium format.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1982 (v.4#7) pg. 52

A comparison of 14 different b&w films available in the 120 format.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1983 (v.5#3) pg. 48

What is available in litho film, how to process the film, and tips on using litho film to make texture screens, posterizations, bas relief, etc.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1984 (v.6#7) pg. 58

Tech Pan for medium format. An evaluation of Kodak's 120 Technical Pan film processed in Technidol Liquid developer.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY May-Jun 1986 (v.8#3) pg. 48
Added Info DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul-Aug 1986 (v.8#4) pg. 5

The craft of chromogenics. An appreciation of Ilford's XP-1 film for producing fine black-and-white prints.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1986 (v.8#6) pg. 38

Experiments with special-use reprographics film (Kodak Kodagraph Projection Film P4).
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1986 (v.8#7) pg. 52

T-Max. A quick look at Kodak's new T-Max 400 B&W film which features "T-grain" emulsion.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1986 (v.8#8) pg. 66

Shadow separation. Controlling high-contrast scenes by pre-exposing b&w film using an out-of-focus gray card or a homemade "shadow filter".
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY May-Jun 1987 (v.9#3) pg. 58

Upgrading your B&W photography. A close look at Kodak's T-Max 100/400 films and Fuji's Neopan 400 film. These films are compared with Tri-X, XP-1, and Technical Pan. Processing in T-Max, D-76, FG-7, and Technidol are compared.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1987 (v.9#5) pg. 33
Added Info DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1987 (v.9#8) pg. 12
Correction DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1988 (v.10#2) pg. 10
Correction DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1988 (v.10#4) pg. 4

Graphs and photographs. Beginning photography for advanced photographers. Understanding the importance of a tone reproduction diagram in comparing various combinations of film and paper.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1988 (v.10#2) pg. 52

Inexpensive method for establishing a personal exposure index (EI) for black-and-white film can be performed in a minimally equipped darkroom.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1988 (v.10#3) pg. 12

T-Max tips. A special report on T-Max film and developer.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1988 (v.10#3) pg. 42

T-speed. Kodak's new T-Max P3200 Professional film. Three professionals share tips on using this very fast film.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1988 (v.10#4) pg. 40

Playing with contrasts. Part 1. Altering internal pictorial contrasts (the balance of contrasts) through choice of film.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1989 (v.11#4) pg. 50

Playing with contrasts. Part 2. Enhancing overall print contrast through choice of film.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1989 (v.11#7) pg. 18

The Zen system. Choosing the types of black-and-white film that will best suit your needs.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1989 (v.11#9) pg. 14

XP-1 sheet film. Exploring Ilford's new B&W chromogenic sheet film. Tips on use and processing.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1990 (v.12#1) pg. 8

Tip on exposing Tech Pan film at ASA 100 and developing with Ethol TEC.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1990 (v.12#2) pg. 5

Testing Fuji Neopan 1600 Professional black-and-white film against Kodak T-Max P3200.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1990 (v.12#2) pg. 14

Three ISO 400 B&W films are compared. (1) Ilford HP-5. (2) Neopan 400. (3) Kodak T-Max 400.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1990 (v.12#4) pg. 13

Comparing the high-speed pushability of Fuji Neopan 1600 and Kodak T-Max P3200 B&W films.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1990 (v.12#6) pg. 28

Basic black & white. Extension 3. How to test a b&w film to determine the exposure index (EI) of a particular film.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Dec 1980 (v.1#4) pg. 34

High-contrast thoughts about litho. An attempt to clear up some misconceptions about high-contrast litho film.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Dec 1981 (v.2#4) pg. 15

A comparison of the advantages and limitations of larger sizes (2-1/2" square up to 8"x10").
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1971 (v.20#6) pg. 24

Tips on when it might be safe to push a film to a higher effective speed (ASA), and what else must be considered in making the decision.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1977 (v.26#2) pg. 16

Using Kodalith high contrast film for making copy negatives, and black and white negatives from color transparencies. Using D-76 developer converts Kodalith to a continuous-tone film. Some tips.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY May 1977 (v.26#5) pg. 8

Film tests must take into consideration all of the variables which can result in film, exposure and development. Tips on designing film tests which are repeatable from test to test.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1977 (v.26#8) pg. 10

Black & white slide production. A review of various means of producing them including direct positive and positive release methods. Emphasis is on choices of film and developer.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1978 (v.27#2) pg. 33

Ilford HP5 black-and-white film. Product profile includes tips on exposure and development.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1980 (v.29#2) pg. 46

Grainless prints from 35mm negatives. A comparison of Ilford XP-1 chromogenic film and Kodak's Technical Pan 2415 film processed in its new companion developer Technidol LC.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1982 (v.31#10) pg. 20

Eastman Kodak T-Max black-and-white professional film. A product profile. Includes information on exposure and processing.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1987 (v.36#7) pg. 40

What good is black and white film. Tips on when and why to use something besides color film.
MECHANIX ILLUSTRATED #605 Oct 1978 (v.74) pg. 58

Photo Charts. How to read those charts and curves supplied on the manufacturer's film data sheets.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1967 (v.31#6) pg. 70

A series of contrasty subjects are both under- and over-exposed and over- and under-developed on Pan-X film to determine the limits within which a good print can still be made.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1968 (v.32#3) pg. 70

How choice of film, developer, and focus affect graininess.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1968 (v.32#4) pg. 60

Tests on six films see which produced the maximum quality (finest grain) in a black and white print.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1968 (v.32#10) pg. 108

Compatible color and black and white sheet film photography using Ektacolor Professional Type S and Type L and Ektapan 4162.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1971 (v.35#3) pg. 56

A comparison of H&W Control film and developer with microfilm and Panatomic-X for supersize black and white enlargements.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1972 (v.36#2) pg. 88

How sharp is H&W Control Film? A comparison with Panatomic-X in sharpness, grain, exposure latitude and lighting contrast.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1973 (v.37#2) pg. 92

A comparison of the characteristics of ten Kodak emulsions available to the view camera user.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1973 (v.37#3) pg. 46

How to optimize exposure indexes to produce the best possible results when used with your camera, your light meter and your print making techniques.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1973 (v.37#6) pg. 36

Ilford B&W is compared with Kodak B&W in these side-by-side photographs.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1975 (v.39#2) pg. 104

Suggestions on which film and how much film you should take when traveling abroad. How to protect the film is also discussed.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1976 (v.40#1) pg. 166

The Harbutt workshop. Part 3. The film.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1976 (v.40#3) pg. 72

Tip from a professional lab: Don't use "professional films" unless you have specific needs calling for their use.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1979 (v.43#10) pg. 121

Test of Ilfords XP1-400, a high speed, fine-grained b&w film.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1980 (v.44#10) pg. 98

The new chromogenic b&w films from Agfa (Vario-XL) and Ilford (XP1 400) are tested and compared against Kodak Panatomic X, Plus X Pan and Tri-X Pan.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1981 (v.45#8) pg. 96

Tips on preventing film loss in the mail or at the film processors laboratory.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY May 1982 (v.46#5) pg. 109

A complete test of all silver based black-and-white films currently available in 35mm.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1985 (v.49#6) pg. 64

New Kodak T-Max 400 & 100 vs. Tri-X & Plus-X.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1986 (v.50#11) pg. 54

Comparison test of Kodak b&w T-Max 400 vs. Tri-X film.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1988 (v.52#3) pg. 50
Added Info MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1988 (v.52#11) pg. 5

User tests of Kodak's T-Max P3200 high-speed black-and-white film.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1988 (v.52#10) pg. 46, 48

An explanation of the ISO film-speed rating scale and a tip on making a test strip with true ratio-scale exposures of 5, 10, 20, and 40 seconds.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1996 (v.17#1) pg. 18

An explanation of the terms long toe and short toe as they are applied to film and paper and the implications of each.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1997 (v.18#1) pg. 24

David Vestal's "ballpark nonsystem" for exposing and developing black-and-white film.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1999 (v.20#1) pg. 14

Using sheet film. An introduction to some technical aspects including sensitometry, exposure, reciprocity, development, and closeup photography.
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1999 (v.20#5) pg. 53

A discussion of the characteristic curve of a film and the effect which it has on the print made from films with different curves. Discusses various film/developer combinations and the impact on exposure index, contrast, density, etc.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Oct 1978 (v.7#6) pg. 68

Talking Tech. Number 11. How to control contrast by flashing (pre-exposing) the film before making an exposure of the subject.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Nov 1978 (v.7#7) pg. 66

How to prevent scratches on film while in the camera, during processing and while being stored and handled.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1979 (v.8#5) pg. 24

Talking Tech. Charts compare the physical and camera characteristics of various films. They may help in choosing the correct film for your uses.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Nov 1979 (v.8#7) pg. 98

Test to determine the apparant print graininess from various combinations of b&w film and developers. Test of Ilford's Pan F, FP4, and HP5 films is described.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jan 1980 (v.8#9) pg. 82

What are the similarities and differences between Kodak b&w films (and Ilford b&w films) with the same basic name that are sold in both roll format and sheet film format.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Mar 1980 (v.8#11) pg. 86

What is available in slow, medium, fast, and extra-fast films for medium format cameras.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jun 1980 (v.9#2) pg. 17

How to save money on b&w film. Suggestions include buying pro-packages, loading your own, using less expensive film, etc.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Aug 1980 (v.9#4) pg. 64

Using two new Ilford products: (1) 72 exposure 35mm roll film and (2) Ilfosol 2 film developer.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1980 (v.9#5) pg. 74

Difference between ASA and E.I. (exposure index) is discussed.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Oct 1980 (v.9#6) pg. 14

Tips on making b&w slides using vesicular film which is exposed with ultraviolet light and developed with heat.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jun 1981 (v.10#2) pg. 11

In praise of slower film. A report on Agfapan 25 black-and-white film. Includes development tests with 3 different developers.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jul 1981 (v.10#3) pg. 58

How to experiment with Kodak's Technical Pan Film 2415, a black-and-white high-contrast scientific film that can render beautiful continuous-tone pictures.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Mar 1982 (v.10#11) pg. 40
Added Info PHOTOGRAPHIC Aug 1982 (v.11#4) pg. 26

Tips on taking b&w pictures with Kodak Recording Film 2475.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Dec 1982 (v.11#8) pg. 62

How to use Kodak Rapid Process Copy Film and Professional Direct Duplicating Film which develops directly to a positive in b&w chemistry. Make b&w slides from prints or television images. Make duplicate negatives.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jan 1983 (v.11#9) pg. 62

Guide to medium format cameras, lenses, film, projectors, and shooting techniques.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Aug 1983 (v.12#4) pg. 27

SPECIAL SECTION on 35mm single-lens reflex photography. Film and exposure. A discussion of normal and special films, metering, bracketing, etc.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jun 1985 (v.14#2) pg. A (42+)

35mm SLR super course. Part 3. Film and exposure.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Dec 1986 (v.15#8) pg. A

35mm film buyer's guide. What is currently available in color slide films, color print films, professional films, black-and-white films, and special films.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1987 (v.16#5) pg. C

School of photography. Lesson 3. Films and exposure.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Mar 1988 (v.16#11) pg. 40+

User report on Kodak T-Max P3200 film. Four tests of this new B&W superspeed film show its application in surveillance, sports, night aerial photography, and deliberate grain effects.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jul 1988 (v.17#3) pg. 51

35mm film buyers guide. A overview of all available films from Agfa, Fuji, Ilford, Kodak, Konica, Polaroid and 3M.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Feb 1989 (v.17#10) pg. 40+

Film and Exposure. A detailed explanation of film construction and characteristics including film speed indexing, image quality, color balance and sensitivity, film formats and more.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Nov 1989 (v.18#7) pg. 52+

1990 35mm film buyer's guide.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jan 1990 (v.18#9) pg. 44+

Ten best 35mm films which represent the full spectrum of photographic tools from the finest grain and highest resolution, to unusual special-effects films.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jan 1990 (v.18#9) pg. 45

User test of Ilford XP1 400 chromogenic film in sheet sizes.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Feb 1990 (v.18#10) pg. 62

User test of Agfapan APX 25 & 100, two new versions of Agfa's professional b&w films.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Mar 1990 (v.18#11) pg. 98

User test of Ilford HP5 Plus black-and-white film (ISO 400).
PHOTOGRAPHIC Apr 1990 (v.18#12) pg. 40

Guide to ten "weird" films developed to fill a specialized need.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1990 (v.19#1) pg. 16
Added Info PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1990 (v.19#5) pg. 4

Special section: Film and exposure. Topics include film speed, exposure indexes, color sensitivity and balance, etc.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Nov 1990 (v.19#7) pg. 59

Special section on films and exposure.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Nov 1991 (v.20#7) pg. 69

Film and exposure. Special section examines creative possibilities by "breaking the rules". (1) Role of light meters. (2) Backlighting tips. (3) Multiple flash pops. (4) High-speed infrared film. (5) Sunrise & sunset lighting. (6) Light as the subject of the photo. (7) Choosing between color and b&w.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1993 (v.22#1) pg. 58

35mm film buyer's guide to color-print films, color-slide films, black-and-white films, and special-purpose films.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jan 1994 (v.22#9) pg. 59

School of photography. Part 2. Film and exposure.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1994 (v.23#1) pg. 61

Photographic's super course of photography. Film and exposure.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Oct 1995 (v.24#6) pg. 67

Back-to-basics. Introduction to film and exposure.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Oct 1996 (v.25#6) pg. 65

Extreme B&W. Selecting film and processing to produce black-and-white negatives that are very contrasty and/or very grainy.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1997 (v.26#1) pg. 22

High contrast film (like Kodak's 2551 Super Speed Duplicating film) can be pre-exposed (flashed) to allow both line and continuous tone copy to be filmed on the same roll. This results in black-and-white direct positive slides of exceptional quality.
PHOTOMETHODS Jun 1977 (v.20#6) pg. 35

Nonsilver processes and systems. Tips on using diazo and vesicular imaging materials.
PHOTOMETHODS May 1981 (v.24#5) pg. 23

Using blue-sensitive film with xenon flash illumination. Includes battery operated circuit for a flash lamp.
PHOTOMETHODS May 1981 (v.24#5) pg. 38

Litho: How and why. The fine art of using litho film as a background masking medium or as the source of strong graphics for posterized images.
PHOTOMETHODS Jul 1986 (v.29#7) pg. 48

User test of Kodak T-MAX P3200 film. Results of exposure tests at E.I. 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400, 12800, 25000 and 50000. Includes time/temperature charts for small-tank and rotary-tube processing.
PHOTOMETHODS Jun 1988 (v.31#6) pg. 24

User test of Ilford's HP5 Plus b&w film (ISO 400).
PHOTOMETHODS Feb 1990 (v.33#2) pg. 33

Kodak Verichrome Pan film. Professional photographers comment on their use and processing of this 40-year-old b&w film.
PHOTOMETHODS May 1990 (v.33#5) pg. 27

How to choose the right film for the best picture.
POPULAR MECHANICS Jul 1970 (v.134#1) pg. 132

A look at H&W Company's new VTE Pan film that will allow 15X enlargements without visible grain (35mm to 8x10).
POPULAR MECHANICS Jan 1973 (v.139#1) pg. 52

Using litho film instead of enlarging paper to produce high contrast black and white pictures with no grey tones.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1966 (v.58#3) pg. 22

How to get the most out of Kodak Plus-X Pan black and white film.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1966 (v.59#2) pg. 72

Pushing film speed. A discussion of ASA ratings and their relationship to actual picture taking.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1966 (v.59#2) pg. 98

Tips on selecting the correct black and white film for a specific situation.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY May 1970 (v.66#5) pg. 30

Using Kodak's 2485 High Speed recording film to do available light photography with an E.I. of 8,000.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1972 (v.70#6) pg. 77

Guide to pushing film speeds of several fast 35mm films, both black and white and color,
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1972 (v.71#5) pg. 122

David Vestal shoots Kodak Tri-X film at a variety of exposure indexes in an effort to prove that the given ASA rating of a given film is not the only possible value and may not be correct for every situation.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1973 (v.73#1) pg. 62

Read the information sheet packed with each roll of film. A discussion of what information can be gleaned from the film data sheet to help you take better pictures.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY May 1974 (v.74#5) pg. 82

Five professionals pick their favorite black and white films and developers.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1974 (v.75#2) pg. 96

For tough available-light shooting, a comparison of pushed Tri-X film and 2475 recording film.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1975 (v.77#2) pg. 70

A comparison of thin-emulsion (slow speed) and thick emulsion (high speed) 35mm films. Suggestions on selecting the proper type to use.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1976 (v.78#1) pg. 86

Using film-data sheets to take good pictures without a light meter.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1976 (v.79#2) pg. 76

Black and white exposure latitude. What it is and how to use it.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1976 (v.79#3) pg. 96

Ilford HP5. How it compares to Kodak Tri-X. A comparison of these two ASA 400 black & white films at normal and higher film speeds.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY May 1977 (v.80#5) pg. 98

David Vestal's photo workbook. Handout 7. Black & white film and film speed.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1977 (v.81#4) pg. 27

1979 film roundup. How to choose the right film for each situation.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1979 (v.85#3) pg. 104

Rediscover the magic of medium-speed black-and-white films like Kodak Plus-X, Agfapan 100, and Ilford FP4.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1979 (v.85#5) pg. 130

User test of the new Ilford XP-1 high-speed, fine-grain black-and-white film.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1980 (v.87#3) pg. 108

Agfapan Vario-XL chromogenic B&W film is compared to Ilford XP-1 and Kodak Tri-X.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1980 (v.87#5) pg. 102

How to adapt film speeds to your own style of metering and shooting.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1981 (v.88#2) pg. 64

An analysis of the new chromogenic b&w films from Agfa and Ilford.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1981 (v.88#4) pg. 79

The Hattersley class for beginners. How to shoot high contrast photos on 35mm Kodalith film.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1982 (v.89#4) pg. 90

The quest for ultimate black and white quality. How to master Ilford's XP1, a chromogenic black-and-white film rated at ISO 400.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY May 1985 (v.92#5) pg. 60

Comparison test of six ISO 400 black-and-white films. Tips on their use and processing.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1987 (v.94#6) pg. 60

Test of Fuji Neopan 1600 and Kodak T-Max P3200 films. Includes recommendations for ISO speed index and processing combinations.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1989 (v.96#1) pg. 60

Understanding reciprocity failure and how to prevent or compensate for it.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1989 (v.96#3) pg. 40

Four fine grain alternatives to Panatomic-X. Agfa APX 100, Kodak T-Max 100, Kodak Technical Pan and Ilford Pan F are tested for comparable grain and contrast qualities.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1989 (v.96#9) pg. 36
Added Info POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1989 (v.96#12) pg. 11

Tip on making black-and-white slides using Kodak T-Max and Ilford XP1.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1990 (v.97#1) pg. 13
Added Info POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1990 (v.97#4) pg. 7

User test of Ilford's new HP5 Plus b&w film.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1990 (v.97#2) pg. 36

Tip on using Ilford XP1 chromogenic b&w film in point-and-shoot cameras.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1990 (v.97#3) pg. 22

Tips on using Fuji Neopan 1600 b&w film for low-light photography in point-and-shoot cameras.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1990 (v.97#8) pg. 28

Simple chart indicates which 35mm film you can use to make both a slide and negative from an existing color slide, color negative, or b&w negative.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1991 (v.98#1) pg. 154

Advice on identifying legitimate brands when purchasing gray market or foreign film imports.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1992 (v.99#3) pg. 8

How to choose film for a specific job. Some tips.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1992 (v.99#9) pg. 38

How to read a film technical data sheet.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1997 (v.61#10) pg. 64

Ilford HP-5 Plus. A user test of this improved ISO 400 black-and-white film.
PROFESSIONAL PHOTOGRAPHER #2133 Feb 1990 (v.117) pg. 49

Architecture preserved on Ilford XP1 400. User test of a chromogenic black-and-white sheet film which simplifies exposure problems.
PROFESSIONAL PHOTOGRAPHER #2135 Apr 1990 (v.117) pg. 67

Perfect negatives. How to expose Kodak Tri-X Ortho File 4163 and Ilford Commercial Ortho film and then process them by inspection.
SHUTTERBUG #270 Mar 1993 (v.22#5) pg. 106

Understanding film speed to help improve your photography.
SHUTTERBUG #281 Feb 1994 (v.23#4) pg. 30

Ilford's black-and-white films.
SHUTTERBUG #282 Mar 1994 (v.23#5) pg. 18

Understanding H&D curves (those graphs which represent how a given emulsion records tone values when developed under specific circumstances).
SHUTTERBUG #283 Apr 1994 (v.23#6) pg. 104

The fundamentals of film. Looks at size, speed, grain, color, etc.
SHUTTERBUG #286 Jul 1994 (v.23#9) pg. 66

Personalizing your film speed. Finding the optimum "normal" speed of a black-and-white film when exposed and developed with your equipment and procedures. Part 1.
SHUTTERBUG #290 Nov 1994 (v.24#1) pg. 163

Personalizing your film speed. Part 2. Darkroom experiments to complete the testing.
SHUTTERBUG #292 Jan 1995 (v.24#3) pg. 106

Gray market film. Pros and cons of purchasing.
SHUTTERBUG #306 Mar 1996 (v.25#5) pg. 82

Matching black and white films with subject. Tips on simple changes that can yield dramatic differences.
SHUTTERBUG #318 Mar 1997 (v.26#5) pg. 70

Getting large format results with 120 film. How using 120 Technical Pan will give you the quality of most larger (4x5) format films.
SHUTTERBUG #318 Mar 1997 (v.26#5) pg. 88

Personalizing b&w film speeds in order to routinely get printable negatives with the results you like.
SHUTTERBUG #318 Mar 1997 (v.26#5) pg. 152

Technical Pan Film. Tips on using this universal b&w film.
SHUTTERBUG #321 Jun 1997 (v.26#8) pg. 94

The bright side of lith. New uses for high-contrast lithographic materials and developers.
SHUTTERBUG #330 Mar 1998 (v.27#5) pg. 96

Grain. How to improve B&W grain control by understanding films and developers.
SHUTTERBUG #333 Jun 1998 (v.27#8) pg. 238

An explanation of H&D curves, those graphical representations of how a given emulsion records tone values when developed under specific circumstances.
SHUTTERBUG #367 Apr 2001 (v.30#6) pg. 211