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PHOTOGRAPHIC EXPOSURE METERING entries in Index to How To Do It Information
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Detailed entries for one subject from the INDEX TO HOW TO DO IT INFORMATION.
Click on a see also (sa) or tracing (xx) to view detailed entries about a related subject.
The entries are in alphabetical order by magazine name and then in chronological sequence.
To obtain a copy of any magazine article contact your local public library or the publisher.


Working toward more accurate exposures (negatives). (1) Understanding and correcting the light meter. (2) Impact of changing the ISO setting. (3) Impact of focus distance on light intensity.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Jan 1991 (v.13#1) pg. 16

Tips on using a really sensitive light meter to read exposures directly on your view camera's ground glass.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Aug 1993 (v.15#8) pg. 13

How a camera with ground-glass focusing can be used as an extinction exposure meter for b&w pictures taken in poor light.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Dec 1993 (v.15#12) pg. 9

Advice on using the Gossen Ultra Spot meter in the Zone System mode. Includes information on testing a light meter to see if it meets ANSI specs and to check its spectral response.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Dec 1993 (v.15#12) pg. 12
Added Info CAMERA & DARKROOM Mar 1994 (v.16#3) pg. 6
Added Info CAMERA & DARKROOM Jun 1994 (v.16#6) pg. 4

The half-stop difference when using a gray card to measure reflected light indoors (under incandescent illumination) and outdoors (in sunlight) is explained.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Apr 1994 (v.16#4) pg. 8

Buyer's guide to color meters. Includes a one-page explanation of color temperature and light-balancing filters.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Jul 1994 (v.16#7) pg. 58

How to use the narrow-angle light meter (spot meter) to make black and white exposures that would baffle the conventional meter.
CAMERA 35 Apr 1973 (v.17#3) pg. 18

At last, a simple zone system. Reproduction of the first chapter of a new book available from Zone VI Studios. Use of the exposure meter to determine correct exposure.
CAMERA 35 May 1973 (v.17#4) pg. 49

How to use spot meter for color photography. A follow-up to the April 1973 article on spot meter use for black and white photography.
CAMERA 35 Jul-Aug 1973 (v.17#6) pg. 4

How to make meter readings from the Kodak gray card (neutral test card) which avoid the need for bracketing exposures. How to make better meter readings without the use of gray card and improve your color exposure.
CAMERA 35 Sep-Oct 1973 (v.17#7) pg. 30

Exposing for full tone negatives. Getting proper meter readings for B&W photos.
CAMERA 35 Oct 1975 (v.19#7) pg. 39

Metering for all occasions. Photographic exposure techniques with emphasis on hand-held light meters
CAMERA 35 Aug 1978 (v.23#7) pg. 52

Special section on correct exposure, with an emphasis on the correct use of light meters, and adjusting exposure for unusual situations.
CAMERA 35 Apr 1980 (v.25#4) pg. 31

Correct metering technique for Kodachrome film when using an 18% gray card.
CAMERA 35 Jul 1980 (v.25#7) pg. 26

Exposure measurement. A look at basic metering techniques.
Added Info DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1985 (v.6#6) pg. 2

Zone calculation. How to add supplemental zone pointers to various light meter scales.
Correction DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Nov-Dec 1986 (v.7#6) pg. 6

Using incident light meters. Making sense of your readings. Compensation recommendations for reversal color film.

Tips on using an incident light meter.

Sensitometry primer. Part 5. The incident system. Using an incident meter and a gray card to determine proper exposure.

Previsualizing color. No-Mask Cibachrome contrast control. Part 3. A highlight-based exposure system to ensure accurate subject exposure.

Exposing metering myths. Practical testing procedure to achieve accurate metering and exposure when using transparency films.

Modifying the light-meter circuit inside a camera to use silver oxide cells instead of the banned mercury oxide batteries. A description of the modification process.
Added Info PHOTO TECHNIQUES Jan-Feb 1996 (v.17#1) pg. 8

The impact of gelled (color-filtered) lights on exposure meter readings is explained.

A light meter practicum. Part 1. Testing light meter linearity.
Added Info DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES May-Jun 1995 (v.16#3) pg. 19

A light meter practicum. Part 2. Testing your spot meter for flare.

A light meter practicum. Part 3. Infrared light as a metering problem.

Tip: Formula given for mixing Pittsburg Paint latex paint to come up with an 18% reflectance middle gray. Use it to "paint" your own gray cards. Even paint a whole wall with 18% gray.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1980 (v.2#2) pg. 12

Tip: Use a L'eggs brand pantyhose package to convert your camera into an incident light meter.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1984 (v.6#2) pg. 8

Reliable infrared. An easy-to-build IR exposure meter can make B&W infrared photography more predictable. Est. cost: $25.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1987 (v.9#5) pg. 38
Added Info DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1987 (v.9#8) pg. 12
Added Info DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1989 (v.11#1) pg. 3

The Zen system. The art of metering. Using a light meter correctly can made the difference between a good exposure and a great image.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1989 (v.11#12) pg. 52

Basic black & white. Extension 1. Understand what built-in light meters are designed to reveal and you will know when and how to overrule the meter. How to use a Kodak gray card to judge exposure settings.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Winter 1980 (v.1#1) pg. 27

The professional amateur's notebook. Part 2. Exposing for the shadows.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Dec 1980 (v.1#4) pg. 12

Extremely sensitive photo light meter can provide nighttime exposure data and serve as an enlarging meter for printing. Four ranges will measure from 0.01 to 100 foot candles.
ELECTRONICS WORLD May 1969 (v.81#5) pg. 52

This photographic light meter is permanently wired for a specific speed and ASA rating. Then, four LEDs (light emitting diodes) quickly show which lens opening (f-stop) to use. Covers from f/2.8 to f/32.
ELEMENTARY ELECTRONICS Jul-Aug 1977 (v.17#4) pg. 51

Circuit for a "basic" exposure meter.
HANDS-ON ELECTRONICS Nov 1986 (v.3#6) pg. 27

Gossen Ultra Pro light meter. Product review which includes tips on its use.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1985 (v.34#7) pg. 33
Added Info INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1986 (v.35#3) pg. 15
Added Info INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1986 (v.35#7) pg. 8
Added Info INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1986 (v.35#8) pg. 18

Reflections on the light meter. Some thoughts on light, color and flash meters from a professional photographer.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1985 (v.34#10) pg. 42

An essential exposure tool. Proper light metering is the key to efficient and effective shooting. Tips on metering for both ambient and strobe light.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1988 (v.37#3) pg. 27

Spotmeter basics. How to interpret the information supplied by a spotmeter and then use that information in Zone System photography.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1988 (v.37#9) pg. 24

Hands-on guide to one-degree spot meters. Four models compared.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1990 (v.39#2) pg. 50

An in-depth look at handheld exposure meters.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1994 (v.43#3) pg. 16

Tips on taking photos at the beach. Overcoming glare and erroneous meter readings caused by sun, sky and water.
MECHANIX ILLUSTRATED #602 Jul 1978 (v.74) pg. 56

How to use any spot and integrating light meter.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1966 (v.30#7) pg. 52

Determine the sensitivity of your light meter.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1969 (v.33#7) pg. 69

How to test your camera's exposure meter shift during cold weather filming.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1970 (v.34#2) pg. 30

Test your exposure meter (either hand-held or built-into-the-camera) using a TV picture or 60-watt bulb.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1971 (v.35#7) pg. 44

Correct use of exposure meters with color transparency film.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1971 (v.35#7) pg. 53

Chart serves as a guide to when you can and cannot use photo meter readings exactly to control exposure.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1971 (v.35#7) pg. 80

Adjustable rule of thumb for determining correct outdoor color exposures without a light meter.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1974 (v.38#9) pg. 98

Make your own exposure index test series to match your light meter to your color film.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1975 (v.39#7) pg. 18

What do through-lens light meters really measure? How to determine the light metering pattern of your camera.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1975 (v.39#7) pg. 78

How to use your light meter to get correctly exposed color slides.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1976 (v.40#8) pg. 20

Attach your light meter to a "key retriever" which allows you to pull the key chain, with meter attached, out to any necessary distance.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY May 1977 (v.41#5) pg. 113

Use a leather tool holder and a retractable key chain to hold a spot meter or other large light meter securely on your belt, yet ready for use.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1978 (v.42#2) pg. 100

14 situations where a built-in light meter won't work and what you must do to compensate in order to get the desired photograph.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1979 (v.43#7) pg. 82

Comparison of hand-held exposure meters and how they can be used to supplement your built-in camera meter.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1979 (v.43#7) pg. 86

Is your meter on target. How to check your in-camera or hand-held light meter for accuracy and consistency.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1980 (v.44#7) pg. 94

Make an incident light metering dome for your in-camera light meter.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1980 (v.44#7) pg. 104

How to use an incident light meter to guarantee correct exposure.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1984 (v.48#11) pg. 80

Tip: Carry your exposure meter on a retractable key chain.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1987 (v.51#1) pg. 4

Tip: How to use a spot meter for making close-up readings.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1987 (v.51#1) pg. 20

Tip: Attach light meter to a light stand to make readings beyond your arm's length and/or to continuously monitor the light levels while your hands are busy taking the picture.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1987 (v.51#1) pg. 29

Tip on using Color-aid Gray No. 4 paper in place of a normal 18% gray card.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1987 (v.51#11) pg. 56

Multi-mode meters. A comparison test of 15 all-electronic hand-held light meters.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1988 (v.52#1) pg. 38

Tip: Make your own combination 18% gray card and portable reflector by spraying foam padding material with aluminum paint.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1988 (v.52#7) pg. 43

How to conduct a calibation check of an exposure meter.
PHOTO ELECTRONIC IMAGING Oct 1992 (v.35#10) pg. 8

The ABCs of metering light.
PHOTO METHODS FOR INDUSTRY Aug 1971 (v.14#8) pg. 25

The film squeeze. Part 1. How to make a large transmission gray scale designed to be photographed. The scale includes a full f-stop range featuring ten Kodak No. 96 neutral density filters mounted on a large card (16"x20"). The gray scale will be used to establish the normal scene or average negative contrast for your normal picture taking conditions.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Apr 1978 (v.6#12) pg. 98

The film squeeze. Part 2. How to use the ten-step transmission gray scale to make a series of camera exposures to determine negative contrast and a "normal scene" condition.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1978 (v.7#1) pg. 38

Build a light-meter calibrator to check your camera metering equipment over its entire range to insure perfect exposures.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jun 1978 (v.7#2) pg. 77

Understanding the gray card. How to use it to produce perfect exposures on black & white or color prints and how to use it to produce close-to-perfect color prints from color negatives.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jan 1979 (v.7#9) pg. 83

Basic 35mm single-lens reflex photography. Part 4. Exposure basics. Using the built-in meter and other tips.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1979 (v.8#5) pg. 41

Tip: How to convert a behind-the-lens light meter into an incident light meter using just a styrofoam coffee cup. An incident meter is better suited to measuring exposure for light objects against a dark background (or dark against light).
PHOTOGRAPHIC Dec 1979 (v.8#8) pg. 12

How to use the "Kodak Neutral Test Card" (gray card) to take properly exposed black-and-white and color photos using a light meter.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Nov 1980 (v.9#7) pg. 12

How to test cameras with built-in metering systems to determine if they are capable of automatically compensating for filters, or, whether an adjustment in the ASA setting will be required.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jan 1981 (v.9#9) pg. 6

How to use the "expo-SURE" camera attachment to approximate a gray-card exposure for color-printing purposes.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Mar 1981 (v.9#11) pg. 6

How to use the Harris Memory Meter and its corresponding system of X-ratings to determine the correct exposure in cooperation with your exposure meter.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1981 (v.10#1) pg. 73

Tips on using both reflected and incident light meters to determine the correct exposure. Suggestions on bracketing exposures and reading the film data sheet are also included.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Oct 1981 (v.10#6) pg. 18

The ultimate exposure meter. How to select and use a spotmeter to provide the most precise exposure information.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Feb 1982 (v.10#10) pg. 25

How to take a substitute exposure reading in adverse backlight situations.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jan 1983 (v.11#9) pg. 52

Light meters. Part 1. How to get along without one. Includes an F/16 Rule Chart.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Apr 1985 (v.13#12) pg. 14

Light meters. Part 2. How they work.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1985 (v.14#1) pg. 12

Exposure meters. Which type is best for you? Looks at reflected-light meter, incident-light meter, spot meter, built-in camera meter, and flash meters.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1985 (v.14#1) pg. 77

SPECIAL SECTION on 35mm single-lens reflex photography. Film and exposure. A discussion of normal and special films, metering, bracketing, etc.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jun 1985 (v.14#2) pg. A (42+)

Whiteout. Shooting through exposure extremes. How to determine the correct exposure when photographing mostly white scenes (such as snow scenes, fog, etc.). Tips can also be applied when shooting very dark scenes.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Mar 1988 (v.16#11) pg. 20

Tip on using a modern light meter's shutter-speed settings with an older Leica camera which uses slightly different shutter-speeds.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1990 (v.19#1) pg. 109

Film and exposure. Special section examines creative possibilities by "breaking the rules". (1) Role of light meters. (2) Backlighting tips. (3) Multiple flash pops. (4) High-speed infrared film. (5) Sunrise & sunset lighting. (6) Light as the subject of the photo. (7) Choosing between color and b&w.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1993 (v.22#1) pg. 58

School of photography. Part 2. Film and exposure.
PHOTOGRAPHIC May 1994 (v.23#1) pg. 61

Diagnosing camera exposure metering problems using a 12-exposure roll of color-print film.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Mar 1995 (v.23#11) pg. 12

Exposure tips for tricky situations. How the proper light reading is achieved in spite of conditions that would fool the typical through-the-lens (TTL) exposure meter.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Mar 1995 (v.23#11) pg. 52

Photographic's super course of photography. Film and exposure.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Oct 1995 (v.24#6) pg. 67

Five impossible metering situations and how to estimate the correct exposure settings.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Apr 1996 (v.24#12) pg. 44

Back-to-basics. Introduction to film and exposure.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Oct 1996 (v.25#6) pg. 65

Tips on selecting and using incident and reflected light meters.
PHOTOMETHODS Apr 1976 (v.19#4) pg. 25

Understanding the properties of light to help control contrast. Tips on metering reflected light at the correct angle.
PHOTOMETHODS Jan 1981 (v.24#1) pg. 4

On exposure. A practical approach to exposure measurement without relying on automatic cameras.
PHOTOMETHODS Jun 1986 (v.29#6) pg. 17

Explanation of the 18-percent gray card.
PHOTOMETHODS Mar 1989 (v.32#3) pg. 8

Film-plane spot metering provides an improvement in exposure accuracy and convenience when using view cameras. What is available in film-plane metering systems and tips on their use.
PHOTOMETHODS Apr 1989 (v.32#4) pg. 29

Color temperature meters. An introduction to one of the least understood professional photography instruments.
PHOTOMETHODS May 1989 (v.32#5) pg. 24

Proceedure for testing ambient light meters for variations from normal performance.
PHOTOMETHODS Jul 1989 (v.32#7) pg. 6

Photometering devices and techniques. How meters are calibrated, and using the formulas to calculate illuminance in foot-candles. Includes technique for adapting an incident light meter to serve as a low-light-level spot meter.
PHOTOMETHODS Aug 1989 (v.32#8) pg. 14

Reflections on the 18% gray card. A review of the history and purpose of the 18% test card. Includes a chart of reflectances of common materials.
PHOTOMETHODS Apr 1990 (v.33#4) pg. 18
Added Info PHOTOMETHODS Aug 1991 (v.34#8) pg. 14
Added Info PHOTO ELECTRONIC IMAGING May 1992 (v.35#5) pg. 10

Low-light indicator for use with inexpensive cameras.
POPULAR ELECTRONICS [1] Sep 1974 (v.6#3) pg. 88

What you need to know about built-in light meters. What they can and cannot do and how to compensate for the situations when they are fooled.
POPULAR MECHANICS Jan 1971 (v.135#1) pg. 118

Exposure meters. Aim them right and you will get good exposures. Some tips on using reflective, incident and spot meters. Review of available meters and their cost.
POPULAR MECHANICS Sep 1974 (v.142#3) pg. 108

Tip: Use a retractable key chain to hold a light meter on your belt.
POPULAR MECHANICS Mar 1980 (v.153#3) pg. 44

Why light meter readings vary when different meters measure the same scene.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1966 (v.59#2) pg. 42

How to get the most out of a light meter.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1967 (v.61#3) pg. 78

Tips on using the palm of your hand instead of a gray card to get reflected-light meter readings.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1968 (v.63#6) pg. 62

Proper use of spot meters.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1969 (v.64#2) pg. 24

What to do if your photo meter breaks down.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1969 (v.65#4) pg. 80

The hand-held exposure meter. Why, when and how to use it.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1974 (v.74#2) pg. 72

Exposure control and the zone system. How to make technically excellent negatives every time you expose. How to interpret light meter readings to photograph what you see.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1974 (v.74#4) pg. 106

How to make better exposures with your through-lens meter.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1975 (v.77#3) pg. 54

Meter readings of the palm of your hand can be substituted for the 18% gray card.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1976 (v.78#1) pg. 16

For precise exposure in tricky situations, consider using an incident-light meter.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1976 (v.78#2) pg. 38

How to use built-in, through-the-lens and hand-held light meters more effectively. Some tips.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1976 (v.79#1) pg. 36

Don't be a meter slave to your match-needle camera. How to preset your camera and then make manual adjustments without having to match needles before taking the picture.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1977 (v.80#1) pg. 127

David Vestal's photo workbook. Handout 6. Light meters and metering.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1977 (v.81#2) pg. 69

How to avoid being a meter-dependent photographer. Cora Kennedy suggests that a beginning photographer practice taking "test" photographs in order to develop a sense of the correct camera setting for taking various types of photos without the need for metering. Such experiments will also teach you when to override built-in light meters.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1979 (v.84#1) pg. 19

How to correctly interpret the readings of a light meter and apply them to achieve the photograph you want.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jul 1980 (v.87#1) pg. 56

Converting the Weston light meter scale to ISO ratings.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1989 (v.96#3) pg. 120

Achieve graphic-looking color slides by exposing for the highlights. How to "outsmart" the center-weighted averaging light meters found in most cameras in order to achieve the desired results.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1990 (v.97#6) pg. 20

How a spotmeter operates and advice on selecting and using both in-camera and separate meters.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1992 (v.99#1) pg. 46
Added Info POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1992 (v.99#4) pg. 59

How to check your camera's built-in light meter.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1992 (v.99#9) pg. 46

How to determine the correct exposure to take high-key or low-key photos (those with predominatly light or predominatly dark tones).
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1992 (v.99#9) pg. 49

Seventeen SLR camera segmented metering systems are compared.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY May 1994 (v.58#5) pg. 40

A comparison of handheld metering with in-camera segmented metering.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1994 (v.58#6) pg. 28

How to use a handheld light meter. Tips for incident, reflected, and spotmeter.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1994 (v.58#10) pg. 40

How to fine-tune slide exposures using a spotmeter.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1995 (v.59#10) pg. 43

How to use a gray card to make better exposures, make prints with more accurate color balance, and calculate lighting ratios.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1996 (v.60#9) pg. 54

How to use your SLR's built-in spotmeter.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1996 (v.60#9) pg. 65

How pros solve tough exposure problems. Some tips.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1997 (v.61#4) pg. 54

Tip on using an 18% gray card to determine exposure.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY May 1997 (v.61#5) pg. 13

How to use an incident exposure meter and/or spotmeter to produce the best results.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1997 (v.61#11) pg. 76

How to get the right exposure with just one light meter reading.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1999 (v.63#10) pg. 86

Tip on setting the TTL meter's exposure-compensation control when using shutter speeds of 1/1000 or higher.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 2000 (v.64#4) pg. 267

Using a digital camera as a "visual exposure meter" alternative to traditional Polaroid prints.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 2002 (v.66#6) pg. 66

When to use spot metering in place of the evaluative or matrix metering built into most SLR cameras.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 2002 (v.66#6) pg. 76

Unit to calibrate photo light meters.
SCIENCE & MECHANICS Oct 1963 (v.34#10) pg. 119

Using in-camera spot metering to best advantage.
SHUTTERBUG #260 May 1992 (v.21#7) pg. 42

Using an exposure meter. When and how to use a hand-held meter to supplement your camera's metering system. An essential part of using the Zone system.
SHUTTERBUG #291 Dec 1994 (v.24#2) pg. 164

Meters and metering. There's no substitute for practice. Tips on selecting and using a hand-held exposure meter.
SHUTTERBUG #333 Jun 1998 (v.27#8) pg. 194

High tech light metering tips. Understanding how to utilize the computerized metering systems found in modern cameras.
SHUTTERBUG #338 Nov 1998 (v.28#1) pg. 92

Photography ABCs. Using a light meter.
SHUTTERBUG #356 May 2000 (v.29#7) pg. 110

Plus or minus. How the use of a spot meter can make a difference in your black-and-white photography and printing.
SHUTTERBUG #358 Jul 2000 (v.29#9) pg. 228

Balancing interior and exterior exposures. Tips on metering and lighting for indoor photos which include backgrounds viewed through large windows.
SHUTTERBUG #362 Nov 2000 (v.30#1) pg. 132

Metering and lighting ratios. Shedding some light on a confusing subject.
SHUTTERBUG #382 Jul 2002 (v.31#9) pg. 32