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Detailed entries for one subject from the INDEX TO HOW TO DO IT INFORMATION.
Click on a see also (sa) or tracing (xx) to view detailed entries about a related subject.
The entries are in alphabetical order by magazine name and then in chronological sequence.
To obtain a copy of any magazine article contact your local public library or the publisher.


Tip on aiding the displacement of air when pouring chemicals into stainless steel film processing tanks.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Sep 1991 (v.13#9) pg. 8

Tip on processing two rolls of 120 film on the same Paterson reel.
CAMERA & DARKROOM Sep 1991 (v.13#9) pg. 13

Multiple reel developing tanks require a change in development time depending on how many reels are being processed. Suggested times and method of determining time discussed.
CAMERA 35 Jan 1976 (v.19#10) pg. 70

Processing film in print drums. Several tips for both B&W and color film.

Tips on tube-processing of sheet film to avoid the purplish stains along the edges where the antihalation dye was not removed due to overly tight contact of the film back with the drum wall.

Myths of black-and-white rotary-drum film processing. An objective look at five of the most common statements made about rotary processing.

Build a PVC processing tube for developing sheet films to eliminate non-uniform agitation effects.

Tip on maximum number of rolls of film that can or should be developed in a minimum volume of chemistry when using small, hand-held tanks.

Testing for even sheetfilm development. A comparison of six different devices and/or procedures.

Causes of streaking and stains when using rotary drum film and print processing are pinpointed and correct procedures are described.

Tips on processing 4x5 sheetfilm in a rotary processing drum.

Tip on the proper technique for prewetting (presoaking) film to be processed in rotary film drums in order to avoid cross-wise film streaks.

Tip on processing sheetfilm in tubes using very little developer and lots of agitation.

Tips on avoiding uneven development of 120 film on plastic reels.

Rotary processing in trays. Make your own processing tubes (without end caps) for sheet film. Each tube is used to hold one piece of film while it is processed in a standard tray of photochemistry. Several tubes can be processed at one time without danger of scratching.
Added Info DARKROOM & CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1995 (v.16#5) pg. 17

Using a Unicolor Film Drum and a motorized agitator to agitate black & white film during processing.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1979 (v.1#1) pg. 76

Tip: Process two rolls of film at the same time on the same reel by placing them back-to-back before placing on the reel.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul-Aug 1979 (v.1#3) pg. 13

Tip: Glue a coin to the cap of a stainless steel film developing tank and you will always be able to get it off quickly.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1979 (v.1#5) pg. 12

Practical tips on loading film onto a film developing reel.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1980 (v.2#7) pg. 52

Tip: Marine deck stripping with adhesive back fastened to top and bottom of stainless steel developing tank will make it easier to open.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1981 (v.3#2) pg. 15

Make your own film developing tanks from ABS plastic pipe.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY May-Jun 1981 (v.3#3) pg. 14

Film processing tank and reel buying guide.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1981 (v.3#6) pg. 19

Tips on loading plastic developing reels with 120 or 220 film.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1983 (v.5#3) pg. 14

How to process your own 4x5 color film. Two sheet-film tanks which are invertable are compared.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1983 (v.5#8) pg. 71

Tips on making your own plastic film developing tanks for use with stainless steel reels. Made from PVC plumbing pipe and fittings.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul-Aug 1985 (v.7#4) pg. 14

Shake it up. Careful study of agitation methods and results for 35mm B&W film. Covers large and small tanks, both stainless steel and plastic.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1986 (v.8#2) pg. 20
Added Info DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul-Aug 1986 (v.8#4) pg. 4, 6
Added Info DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1986 (v.8#5) pg. 13
Added Info DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY May-Jun 1987 (v.9#3) pg. 22

Tip: Motorized agitator for film developing is assembled from "Erector Set" parts.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1986 (v.8#5) pg. 13

Tip on improving the loading of 120 film onto developing reels by leaving the strip of tape on the film.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1986 (v.8#8) pg. 17

How to tighten a loose-fitting top or lid on stainless steel film developing tanks.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul-Aug 1987 (v.9#4) pg. 17

Darkroom in a drum. Plastic tubes for multiple processing needs. How to use processing drums for both paper and film. How to make your own processing drums large enough for prints up to 40"x50" from thin-wall PVC sewer pipe.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jul-Aug 1987 (v.9#4) pg. 28
Added Info DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1987 (v.9#6) pg. 4

Tip on trimming the end of a film roll to prepare it for loading on a processing reel.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Mar-Apr 1988 (v.10#2) pg. 49

Tip on preparing the film and winding it onto a rachet-type developing reel.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1988 (v.10#4) pg. 16

Tip: Store a pre-loaded 35mm film developing reel in an empty 100-ft. film can.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1988 (v.10#4) pg. 16

Tip: Use "Tourna Grip" wrapped around film developing tanks to keep them from slipping out of your hands.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1989 (v.11#1) pg. 9

Tip: Round off the corners of film to make it easier to insert on film processing reel and into negative holders.
DARKROOM PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1989 (v.11#4) pg. 7

A simple way to develop 4x5 sheet film uses 1 ounce of chemistry in a small Cibachrome processing drum.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Sep 1981 (v.2#3) pg. 42

The art of tray processing sheet film.
DARKROOM TECHNIQUES Mar-Apr 1983 (v.4#2) pg. 39

How to do tray development of sheet film. It is faster and requires less chemicals than methods using hangers and/or tanks.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1977 (v.26#11) pg. 12

How to get the best results from Kodalith machine processors.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1981 (v.30#8) pg. 31

Darkroom tips from a professional laboratory. Includes PVC pipe containers for film clip tests, using lipstick to retouch a contact negative, a flashlight hung from the ceiling, and a shop-built camera to make 4x5 dupe negatives from 35mm color slides.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY May 1984 (v.33#5) pg. 20

Processing on the road. Put together a simple "portable darkroom" to process Ektachrome on location.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1987 (v.36#4) pg. 26

Tips on the setup and operation of a 3.5-gallon color-film processing line.
INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1992 (v.41#1) pg. 8

Tips on loading stainless steel wire reels and developing your own color negatives or transparency film.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1969 (v.33#6) pg. 110

Reels and tanks for roll film processing.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1970 (v.34#11) pg. 96

Suggested priorities on what color darkroom equipment to buy first. Part 1. Film processing.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Dec 1971 (v.35#12) pg. 26

A review of the features of eight plastic, stainless steel or combination reel-type developing tanks.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1976 (v.40#1) pg. 96

Tip to prevent film from slipping out of plastic reels during agitation.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY May 1976 (v.40#5) pg. 103

A hole punched in film leader makes it easier to load stainless steel reels.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1976 (v.40#6) pg. 109

Make film developing reel loading easier by not rewinding 35mm film totally back into its cartridge.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Christmas 1976 (v.40#13) pg. 122

Try tray processing of sheet-film negatives. It is easy and gives uniform development with less chemicals.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1977 (v.41#4) pg. 54

Tip: Small alligator clips allow single 35mm frames to be handled easier.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1977 (v.41#4) pg. 113

Build an 18-reel developing tank from a length of 4-inch PVC tube, one Paterson System 4 tank, and some miscellaneous items.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1980 (v.44#8) pg. 106

Improve your stainless steel film developing tank by (1) adding a lever to the cap (2) Making wide "rubber bands" to stop fluid leaking when inverted, and (3) Marking corresponding tops and bottoms if you have more than one tank.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1980 (v.44#10) pg. 112

Tip: How to attach a lever to the small cap of a stainless steel film processing tank so that it will come off easily.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1981 (v.45#3) pg. 6

Tip: Start loading 35mm spiral reels in the light and complete the job in a changing bag.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Apr 1981 (v.45#4) pg. 113

Tip: Add a plastic "handle" to the top of a stainless steel film developing tank to facilitate quicker top removal.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Feb 1982 (v.46#2) pg. 93

Tip: Use a plastic laundry hook to gently lower a reel of film into a developing tank.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Aug 1983 (v.47#8) pg. 78

"Third hand" aids in loading 120 film onto processing reel.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Jan 1986 (v.50#1) pg. 44

Tip: Attach non-skid strips to glass bottles and film tanks to make it easier (and safer) to handle them with wet hands.
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHY Sep 1986 (v.50#9) pg. 44

Tip on reducing film development time when processing with constant rotary action (as in drum processing).
PHOTO TECHNIQUES Sep-Oct 1996 (v.17#5) pg. 29

Traveling darkroom. Carry enough chemicals and equipment in an airline bag to allow you to process black and white film anywhere.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Apr 1978 (v.6#12) pg. 54

How to develop large-format sheet film in color print drums. Save both time and chemicals with this process.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Aug 1978 (v.7#4) pg. 97

Tip: How to develop 4x5 sheet film in tanks without getting uneven development (surge).
PHOTOGRAPHIC Nov 1978 (v.7#7) pg. 124

Talking tech No. 19. Discussion of processing black and white film in a Unicolor Film Drum using Unicolor B&W film chemistry.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jul 1979 (v.8#3) pg. 76

Tip: Plastic divider prevents film overlap when processing four pieces of 4x5 film in a drum processor.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Sep 1979 (v.8#5) pg. 98

Description of the three basic methods for developing 4x5 sheet film: tray, tank and hanger, daylight tank. A comparison of the three.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Feb 1980 (v.8#10) pg. 90

How to develop film in a golf tube. Air bubble agitation produces even density on black-and-white film.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Oct 1981 (v.10#6) pg. 31

Tips on developing 35mm in a long plastic tube instead of a conventional reel tank.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Aug 1982 (v.11#4) pg. 4

Tip: Attach a Thermos bottle handle to a multi-reel film developing tank.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Jul 1983 (v.12#3) pg. 78

Two ways to process sheet film. (1) Hanger and open tank method. (2) Tray development.
PHOTOGRAPHIC Aug 1984 (v.13#4) pg. 65

A review of equipment and techniques for on-the-spot field processing of film.
PHOTOMETHODS Feb 1975 (v.18#2) pg. 32

Accurate processing of photo materials which require precise control of agitation, time and temperatures can be achieved by using one-shot chemistry in a rotary processor. Some tips.
PHOTOMETHODS Apr 1975 (v.18#4) pg. 27

Make your own temperature-controlled processing drum for E-6 and C-41 process color films. Est. cost: $15.
PHOTOMETHODS Oct 1977 (v.20#10) pg. 33

How to develop 35mm film in a 5-ft. length of 1-1/4" plastic drain pipe. This method can result in more uniform development than the tank method.
PHOTOMETHODS Jan 1978 (v.21#1) pg. 26

Pipe development is ideally suited to the zone system approach to the 35mm format, and is an alternative to developing reels. The pipe is a length of plastic pipe into which a strip of film is inserted and developed.
PHOTOMETHODS Sep 1980 (v.23#9) pg. 18

Tips on tray processing of sheet film.
PHOTOMETHODS Feb 1984 (v.27#2) pg. 6

Two agitation methods for use in processing b&w film in small rollfilm tanks that are better than the standard "inversion" technique.
PHOTOMETHODS Jul 1990 (v.33#7) pg. 14

Make a pair of deep developing tanks for 35mm film from two lengths of 1-1/2" plastic pipe.
POPULAR MECHANICS Jun 1971 (v.135#6) pg. 126

Film developing reel holds 34" of 16mm film. Fits a standard 35mm tank.
POPULAR MECHANICS Apr 1972 (v.137#4) pg. 14

Two gadgets to help load stainless steel developing reels. One keeps the reel from rolling away. The other holds the film spool as film is pulled off for loading.
POPULAR MECHANICS Sep 1972 (v.138#3) pg. 14

Convert an old electric can opener into a developing tank agitator.
POPULAR MECHANICS Nov 1972 (v.138#5) pg. 15

What to look for in film developing tanks and reels and how to get the best results.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Jun 1967 (v.60#6) pg. 110

Spray film developing reels with silicon spray to speed drying.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Mar 1971 (v.68#3) pg. 116

How not to goof when loading 35mm film on stainless steel reels.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Nov 1975 (v.77#5) pg. 32

Use a tin can as a reel for short lengths of miniature film when processing.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY May 1976 (v.78#5) pg. 29

Build inexpensive film processing and negative washing tanks from PVC pipe.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY Oct 1981 (v.88#10) pg. 114

Safe method for cleaning stainless-steel film developing reels uses chlorine laundry bleach.
POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY May 1990 (v.97#5) pg. 23

Roll film developing tank made from plastic pipe.
POPULAR SCIENCE Aug 1969 (v.195#2) pg. 136

Make large roll film tank, holding 10 reels of film, from 4" plastic pipe.
POPULAR SCIENCE Apr 1971 (v.198#4) pg. 122

Double up on film loading. How to load two rolls of film (back-to-back) onto the same plastic reel for processing at same time.
SHUTTERBUG #277 Oct 1993 (v.22#12) pg. 121

Simplified sheet film developing. Made from a piece of Plexiglas and nylon screws, this panel allows economical tray processing of sheet film without scratching or complex agitation routines.
SHUTTERBUG #288 Sep 1994 (v.23#11) pg. 126